System Architect, Software Engineer, Data Analyst-At first glance, Quantum computing sector Sounds not much different from the technical role we are already familiar with. We carry classic computers that we are familiar with, from smartphones to supercomputers.
But to fill the Quantum’s fast-growing opportunity, even the most specialized knowledge of classic computers does not cut it into the Quantum world.
Quantum computers are fundamentally different from the traditional devices we use every day. Instead of relying on bits, quantum systems use the complex laws of quantum physics to create qubits, or “qubits,” that can perform exponentially fast calculations.
Therefore, building, programming, and maintaining quantum computers are fundamentally different paradigms. You need to understand quantum physics and how to map problems to quantum space. Think of programming languages, architectures, workflows, software, etc. that are all unique to quantum computing.
And it turns out that finding workers with that broad knowledge is becoming more and more difficult.
“Finding someone with the right skill mix is the biggest challenge,” said Ross Duncan, Head of Quantum Software. Cambridge Quantum,Tell you ZDNet.. “It happened only a handful of the people we hired to get someone ready to start when they entered the door.”
As a company focused on creating quantum software, Cambridge Quantum is usually looking for candidates who understand theoretical quantum computing and are also capable software developers.
“We’re trying to combine a physics background with a computing background to find candidates who have both,” Duncan says. And it’s not the most typical combination in CV.
The problem is not limited to the quantum software business. For example, a company working on quantum superconducting hardware may need someone who can build the infrastructure to cool the system’s processors. This requires not only quantum physics and cryogenics, but also computer science skills to perform tests. And trial.
In other words, employers need quantum employees with interdisciplinary skills. In addition to a background in quantum physics, some experience in data analysis, engineering, modeling, programming, etc. is also essential.
Recruitment: Quantum Doctor
That level of specialization is uncommon. In fact, it exists primarily at the PhD level. And the problem is that there aren’t enough graduates with a PhD.
“If you want to adopt quantum skills, you have to look for highly interdisciplinary training. Usually you need a PhD,” said Abe Asfaw, IBM’s quantum education leader. ZDNet.. “The rate at which PhDs are generated is much slower than the speed required by today’s industry, so there is a great deal of competition to hire new PhDs in this area.”
Of course, for now, the quantum computing industry is still a niche. This is mainly due to the early stages of technology. Today, most quantum computers support about 100 qubits or less, so there is little that can actually be done on an existing system.
As a result, very few companies are investing in this area, and the number of Quantum roles is increasing, but remaining relatively small.
But this is expected to change as companies become more and more interested in quantum technology.Some estimates The quantum computing industry will be a $ 65 billion market by 2030; others From 1% in 2018, we predict that up to 20% of organizations may budget for quantum computing in 2023..
As the industry grows, the demand for qualified workers increases, but PhD-level quantum candidates are not produced overnight.
“I guess there are dozens of PhD students in the UK each year who specialize in topics related to what we’re doing. I can hire them all myself,” Duncan said. Says. “In the short term, the constraints will be exacerbated by the inability to launch many entirely new PhD programs.”
The long-term solution is very obvious. Educational programs need to be reformed to reduce the level of interdisciplinarity required by businesses to the undergraduate level.
This is something that both industry and academia experts have considered for many years. In 2019, a symposium of 50 quantum experts from the United States and Europe gathered at the University of California to address this issue. Drafted a report investigating the current state of the Quantum Information Science and Engineering (QISE) Education Program.. One of the main shortcomings highlighted in the report was the inconsistency between higher education degrees and industry requirements.
For companies like Cambridge Quantum, these requirements are mostly technical. Duncan also mentions the possibilities of online learning and professional training, New tools such as IBM’s first quantum developer certification are emerging, To help learners get up to zero.
But beyond the need for employees to know how to build and operate quantum computers, the industry now finds what technology can do to improve its business model, although it’s not quantum in nature. Expanded to include organizations that are particularly interested.
Again, Ivan Ostojic, a partner at McKinsey, a technical consultancy, explains. There are some talent gaps lurking and we need to fill them.
“Many companies are now experimenting with quantum computing to find ways to elicit value and valuable learning,” says Ostsic. ZDNet.. “They need what we call business translators. They need a deep understanding of the business and the types of problems they are trying to solve that traditional computers cannot answer.”
“At the same time, they are fluent in quantum technology and need to know the quantum system under development and its maturity. Companies need people who know both equations, business, and quantum.”
Understanding How Quantum Can Increase Bank Efficiency Candidates with financial knowledge may be needed. NS Material design company considering quantum computer You may need a chemist. The basic knowledge of particle physics is Quantum technology can help discover the basic laws of nature..
This gap can be resolved at the university level in the form of a double major that combines quantum and discipline, but companies develop talent early to ensure that employees understand a particular business problem. is needed. How can they be answered in quantum computing?
Some of the more advanced companies seem to understand what is at stake. For example, JP Morgan, a major banker who has long studied the potential of quantum computers for financial applications, Created a Summer Associate Program designed as an internship For students with a master’s or doctoral degree.
Requirements for this work include a degree in computer science, mathematics, engineering, or science, and experience in algorithms and applications for quantum computing. Successful candidates are promised the opportunity to collaborate in research to develop quantum solutions to the problems faced by internal teams.
What are one of the most compelling benefits of a classified ad? Good candidates can expect a full-time offer at the company.
For giants like JP Morgan, this strategy can be rewarding. Training professionals early on to find out how to tailor quantum computing to the needs of the company, the company is preparing for future success.
However, for SMEs, competing for quantum talent can be an existential problem. CEO of Itamar Sivan, Quantum machine, Explains that the challenge is already more specific. “A few years ago, it was easy to hire anywhere,” says Sivan. ZDNet.. “But this field is currently moving from academia to industry, and as industry grows, academia can’t keep up.
“In a country like the United States, where there are all multinationals and lots of start-ups, everyone is plunging into the same pool of talent,” he continues.
Currently, it is difficult to find quantum candidates in the United States, Sivan continues. He does not expect the situation to ease in the next few years.
And in the near future, companies will be competing for quantum-qualified job seekers, so now may be the right time to start studying.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/quantum-computings-next-challenge-finding-quantum-developers-and-fast/#ftag=RSSbaffb68 What are the next challenges for quantum computing?Find Quantum Developers Quickly