“We go to space to benefit life on Earth,” says former astronaut and NASA chief executive officer.

As a result of space exploration activities and the continued presence of humans in low earth orbit, there are significant advantages on Earth, says Colonel Pamela Melroy, a former NASA astronaut and now NASA’s deputy administrator. “Climate change is an existential crisis, and the best place to monitor the planet is from space … there are many problems to solve … to benefit life on Earth and the people who devote it to it. Go to space. See direct line. Sight. ”American top executives of the quad countries (Japan, Australia, India, USA) hosted by the Australian Institute for Strategic Policy as part of the Sydney Dialogue. I was talking with the head of the space agency.

“Traditionally, government agencies have been engaged in space activities, but in the last decade, activities in low earth orbit (LEO) have increased. Meanwhile, ordinary people and astronauts go to space. By increasing access to space, we can create new services on Earth and improve our lives here, “agrees Hiroshi Yamakawa, President of the Aeronautical Research and Development Organization (JAXA). Regarding the need for greater cooperation between quad countries, he may set up a manned space station near the Moon, which may enable sustainable exploration in the region in the future. He added that lunar exploration must be a joint effort. Also on the moon. The head of the Japanese space agency emphasized the need for a multinational mission to Mars led by quad countries due to the high cost of manned missions.

Despite being a recent entrant, the Australian Space Agency wants to promote space flight ambitions based on its long legacy of implementing and promoting deep space communications, remote control, space medicine, and life sciences. increase. It is worth noting that, unlike the other three quad countries, Australia does not yet have an independent and independent space flight program and is working with other agencies and countries to carry out missions. However, the Australian Space Agency has grown significantly and wants to grow rapidly. “We aim to foster and nurture the industry by investing in research and development, providing grants, special programs, working with other space agencies and instilling confidence in having a market.” Said Enrico Palermo, head of the Australian Space Agency.

Asked about Australia’s own manned space flight program, Palermo is optimistic about improving access to space and rapidly miniaturizing technological aerospace components. With that in mind, he said he would eventually be hit. Elaborating on Australia’s geographical advantages, open range, space medicine and life sciences experience, and deep space communications networks, he said Australia would be in a position to have an astronaut program. He also mentioned Australia’s communications and tracking support provided by India’s Gaganyaan Manned Space Flight Program and NASA’s Artemis, a manned lunar exploration program.

“NASA is the engine that drives commercial development, and space exploration is the fuel for this engine … pushing yourself to do something very challenging,” said a former NASA astronaut. say. According to her, NASA will be a facilitator to train private players to fund, partner, open doors and advance deep space exploration.

“Sustainable presence in low earth orbit helped us understand and develop more efficient combustion engines, important processes in the human body, insights into drug development, etc.” She experimented with the International Space Station. Mentioned some breakthroughs facilitated by the presence of astronauts in the room.

According to Melroy, NASA’s future plans are to hand over LEOs (500-200 km orbit) to commercial partners, allowing them to invest more in their expansion into the solar system. “If we keep doing everything ourselves, it will be very difficult to find resources for it,” she said of the importance of having private companies take on important spaceflight and support missions. rice field.

The Government of India announced reforms in the national space sector in 2020, allowing private companies to carry out end-to-end space flight activities such as rocket and satellite design, ownership, construction and launch of rockets and spacecraft. Is important. The Indian space sector has been dominated by the state-owned ISRO since the beginning of the Indian space program, but private companies were nothing more than component and service vendors and suppliers. However, India’s latest reforms aim to open up this lucrative industry, which is estimated to be worth US $ 440 billion worldwide. “We go to space to benefit life on Earth,” says former astronaut and NASA chief executive officer.

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