Science

Traditional Samoa plants rival the anti-inflammatory effect of ibuprofen

Researchers have identified the anti-inflammatory mechanism behind plants that have been used in traditional Samoa medicine for centuries. A new study found that a plant known as matarafi was as effective in reducing inflammation as ibuprofen.

Psychotria insularum It is a small rainforest shrub that grows naturally in the South Pacific region. The indigenous Samoa community has used plant leaves as a medicine for generations.

Matarafi’s traditional medicinal uses have targeted a variety of inflammatory conditions, from fever to swelling and skin infections. The leaves of the plant are traditionally ground into a paste technically known as homogenate.

“Matarafi is used in two ways in Samoa, the treatment of ghost-related illnesses and the treatment of various forms of inflammation,” explains Seeseei Molimau-Samasoni, an indigenous scientist in Samoa. “I got my PhD in Teheren Waka in 2013 and worked with a traditional Samoa healer to harvest Matarafi and bring it to Aotearoa how and why it works.”

Interwoven with nearly a decade of research, new research reveals exactly how Matarafi produces its anti-inflammatory effect. The findings show that matarafi is an iron chelating agent. This means that Matarafi contains compounds that bind to iron, which essentially helps the body get rid of excess iron.

When matarafi was tested on mammalian cells, this iron chelator activity was found to be “decreased inflammatory cytokine response and enhanced anti-inflammatory cytokine response in immune cells.” The anti-inflammatory effects detected in this study were found to be comparable to those seen with the popular over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen.

Matarafi’s iron chelating activity also demonstrates many other potential medical uses beyond its general anti-inflammatory properties. For example, abnormal iron levels in the brain have recently been hypothesized as follows: Play a role in neurodegenerative diseases Alzheimer’s disease etc.

Andrew Munkacsi, another researcher working on a new study, said chemical genome analysis revealed that compounds in plants interact with genes associated with obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. I am.

“Our findings also highlight the susceptibility of the RIM101 gene deletion to the P. insularum homogenate,” says Munkacsi. “This gene is a major regulator of lipotoxicity (cell death due to lipid toxicity) that underlies obesity.”

The study highlighted the two major bioactive compounds of matarafi, rutin and nicotiflorin. Both compounds have previously been found to provide anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. However, researchers are seeking further chemical investigations of Psychotria insularum plants, as the mixture may contain undiscovered compounds that may contribute to the overall efficacy of Matarafi.

“These are traditional medicines that our people have used for hundreds of years, and we are now finding science to support that some of our medicines have genuine activity.” Morimau-Summer Sonic recently told a New Zealand publication thing.. “I would like to emphasize that traditional drugs need to be scientifically investigated before they are widely administered … there are still steps to be taken.”

New study published in journal PNAS..

sauce: Victoria University of Wellington



https://newatlas.com/health-wellbeing/anti-inflammatory-matalafi-samoa-plant-medicine/ Traditional Samoa plants rival the anti-inflammatory effect of ibuprofen

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