Top 5 security risks for cloud computing and strategies to mitigate them

Cloud computing continues to transform the way businesses serve their customers and operate in-house.Mounting Cloud computing architecture It’s never been easier for organizations to adopt a remote work environment while providing access to the data and tools that teams need to collaborate with. In addition, enterprises can enjoy the cost savings, efficiency, and scalability of moving from on-premises data solutions to cloud computing environments.

While there are many benefits, enterprises also need to consider the various security risks of cloud computing. Companies migrating data and operations to the cloud will be better able to address future issues because they don’t have a clear strategy that takes into account the potential downsides. actually, Security breaches of interest Not only can it damage your business’s reputation, but it can also negatively impact your bottom line.

Organizations should not treat security risks as insignificant, but some risks pose a greater threat than others. Here are the top five cloud computing security risks and the strategies you can use to mitigate them.

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Some security risks of cloud computing

1. Data loss

Data loss, or data breach, is at the top of the list of security risks for cloud computing. In a research study conducted by global intelligence company IDC, 79% of companies Experienced at least one cloud data breach within 18 months. Data loss includes everything from deleted or corrupted data and hardware malfunctions to malware attacks and loss of access due to natural disasters that are not prepared by cloud service providers (CSPs). In addition to the loss of intellectual property, businesses can be directly financially affected by employee or customer backlash from not protecting sensitive personal data.

2. Malware

Malicious software, just like a traditional data center, Well known as malwareIs at the core of many cloud security breaches. It is one of the most prevalent security risks of cloud computing as it uses viruses, worms, Trojan horse viruses, spyware, adware and ransomware (examples of all typical malware) to infiltrate vulnerable systems. There is one. McAfee Labs Report An average of 588 threats per minute occurred in the third quarter of 2020, ending with 648 threats per minute in the final quarter. This environment is Cyber ​​criminalBecause cloud computing architectures usually provide various potential weak links to exploits, Virtual machine (VM) Container or storage bucket. In addition, as cloud adoption continues to grow, cybercriminals are improving and improving their attack capabilities to exploit cloud access through mobile devices.

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3. Restriction of visibility for network operation

One of the main trade-offs in moving from the on-premises data storage model to the cloud is the lack of visibility into network operations. Enterprises allow CSPs to control different amounts of technology infrastructure in exchange for benefits such as cost savings and scalability from on-demand storage provisioning. Its lack of visibility creates another important security risk for cloud computing.

The type of service model determines the level of control the CSP has and the responsibilities that the enterprise maintains with respect to data security.But anything Responsibility sharing modelLack of visibility into cloud environments poses a constant threat to enterprises that rely on cloud environments for mission-critical data management.

4. Inadequate due diligence

Companies trust CSPs, which have valuable corporate assets. As a result, inadequate due diligence makes enterprises vulnerable to security breaches on the part of cloud service providers. This could include both physical asset vulnerabilities in the data center and online malware and access attacks. Moving too fast to the cloud is another form of improper due diligence, where enterprises cannot properly anticipate service needs and map them to the right CSPs.

5. Compliance

In some industries, companies migrating to cloud computing environments need to address a number of regulatory and compliance requirements aimed at protecting their data. Therefore, ensuring compliance is a top priority when considering ways to avoid some of the security risks of cloud computing. HIPPA, Listed Corporate Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act, FISMA, When GDPR All examples of regulations that require specific regulations Data security measures. Companies that implement internal data security procedures also have corporate compliance considerations. Cloud architectures typically allow large-scale user access, so lack of appropriate security measures puts your organization at risk of non-compliance.

How to improve the security of cloud computing

The best strategy to improve the security of your cloud environment is to eliminate or mitigate risks in advance. Whether you’re still in the planning stages or have already moved to the cloud, maintaining the safest possible environment is the best strategy to enjoy the true benefits of cloud computing. Here are five ways to improve your business’s cloud security structure:

Choose the right cloud provider

One of the most effective ways to mitigate the security risks of cloud computing is to choose the right CSP for your business. The features of the cloud provider and the service model you choose set the baseline of security levels available to keep your cloud environment secure.ask Specific question “How do you protect the hardware used in the cloud?”, “What is your documented security policy?”, “How do you encrypt the data in the cloud?” .. It’s a great start to perform proper due diligence.

In addition, select right Service model It plays an important role because both the company and the cloud provider need to clearly specify the security risks they are responsible for protecting.

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Perform a risk assessment

Performing a cybersecurity risk assessment in a cloud environment helps businesses identify, analyze, and assess potential risks. This level of visibility allows you to develop and implement the right strategy without wasting time and resources to protect against false cyber threats. The best risk assessment goes beyond static checklists and uses your organization’s unique business environment and goals to determine the next step.

Data classification

Not all data is created the same. In short, understanding the importance and confidentiality of different data types can help you prioritize security measures and resources when preventing cloud computing security risks. Categorizing data also facilitates regulatory compliance auditing and maintenance. Because sensitive data requires the strictest security, evaluating and classifying each type of data using Data Matrix is ​​ideal for initiating the creation of consistent security standards across all data types. Place.

Controlling user access

The strongest cloud security strategy implements user access control as the front line of defense. To ensure that users have access to only the parts of the cloud they need by assessing the permissions they grant to specific user groups based on their unique role (employees, vendors, IT managers, finance, etc.). The required framework is provided.

This approach Zero trust security model It is becoming more popular among security-focused companies. The zero trust model assumes that not all users can be trusted by default, even if access to the network is granted. Instead, users need to verify their identity before being granted access.

Continuously monitor

Even the best plans to mitigate the risks of cloud computing can quickly become obsolete or inadequate. To keep an eye on the ever-changing cloud environment, organizations can adopt continuous monitoring instead of point-in-time monitoring to maintain 24/7 visibility. Cloud features such as speed, application performance, and malware scanning are examples of what you should include in your continuous monitoring protocol.

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