Science

The Forest Service Has a Guide to Detonating Dead Horses

This article was originally task and purpose.

“Stop beating up dead horses” is a popular phrase, but have you ever blown up a horse? If not, the U.S. government has a helpful guide on how to do just that. . a U.S. Forest Service document Since 1995, it has been called “Destruction of Animal Carcasses with Explosives” and walks readers through the process step-by-step. It may sound silly, but eliminating large animal carcasses is a common practice in wilderness recreation areas where carcasses can attract bears, or where animal carcasses are rotting nearby. It’s actually very important for safety near picnic areas and roadsides where citizens may object.

“Large animal carcasses can be particularly difficult to remove, especially if they are located below steep logging slopes or in remote areas,” write Jim Tour and Mike Knodel. 1995 guideCarcasses of large animals such as horses and elk can weigh over 1,000 pounds.

If moving the carcass is too much trouble, leave it to Explosive Chemistry. The guide recommends that you first consult a blasting expert and, depending on the situation, break the caboomies. Recommend the use of fireline explosives used. empty Combustible materials in the path of wildfires, according to To the National Wildfire Coordination Group.

Using explosives on animal carcasses accomplishes two goals. The guide explained that the first goal is to disperse the carcasses into small enough clumps so that bears and other predators can congregate nearby. The wreckage can be decomposed within,” the guide said. That could be when the public is expected to come to the area in the near future, or where there are already many bears in the area, the guide explained.

If dispersal is your goal, the guide recommends placing a total of 20 pounds of explosives in key locations under the corpse and using detonator cords to tie the explosives.

“Basically, we’re looking at hitting the major bones of the body with explosives along the spine.” A Forest Service lead blaster named Jim McBreen (also known as “Master Blaster”) Said 2012 Colorado Public Radio.

However, sometimes it’s difficult to place a charge under a corpse because it’s too heavy, frozen to the ground, floating in water, or simply smells awful.

“Things that have been there for weeks can really ruin your day when you run into them,” says Nolan Merlin, a former backcountry horsepacker and U.S. Forest Service trail crew member. , Said Published in Montana-based Billings Gazette in 2017.

If you can’t get under the corpse, the guide recommends draping 55 pounds of Fireline explosive over the wreckage. more likely to achieve the desired goal of annihilation. If that’s your goal, the guide recommends putting 20 pounds below the corpse and 20 pounds above, depending on the type of explosive.

“40-55 pounds [of explosives] recommended to ensure a complete erasure,” said the guide.

The Forest Service Guide to Blowing Up Dead Animals was written with trail crews in mind, but has become a classic in other explosives-related communities as well.One soldier with 17 years of experience Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal The community says the guide “has been around the EOD and demining community for years.”

“I first saw a hard copy of it many years ago in a collection of obscure procedures and weapons publications I owned with the 754th EOD Squadron,” the soldier said. “Admittedly, as an EOD technician, I don’t normally have to exploding large animals, but it’s an interesting example of problem solving.”

Seeing the different uses for explosives inspires creativity. EOD Technicianengineers, and others who boom things could be helpful when faced with unusual problems, the soldier said. Often assisting domestic civilian authorities, these issues include everything from a WWII-era grenade found in my grandfather’s attic to a mine washed up on a civilian beach. There is a possibility.

“We’ve had to get rid of unexploded ordnance, improvised explosive devices, fireworks, and even safe doors, but never a horse,” said an unnamed Army engineer. “But it’s good to know that there are guides if you need them.”

Dispersion and extinction may sound violent, but it can be argued that it simply goes along with the natural decomposition process more quickly.

“A horse can lie down for months without completely deteriorating,” McBreen told Colorado Public Radio. not.”

A former horsepacker, Merrin said horses and mules occasionally get loose and wander into the wilderness. In inconvenient areas, such as those around the ski resort town of Aspen, Colorado, studied by the Forest Service, cows also get lost and freeze to death. exploding Six cows that were doomed in 2012. Ultimately, the crew chose to “cut the cows apart by hand and throw the pieces in the woods,” Colorado Public Radio reported.

If blowing up a large land animal sounds scary, in November 1970 the Oregon State Highway Department (now the Oregon Department of Transportation) detonated a stinking 45-foot, 8-ton Remember I had a hard time blowing up a rotting whale. Florence, Oregon.

“The Highway Department decided that the body could not be buried because the carcass could be found soon. We couldn’t even burn it,” said reporter Paul Limman. Said While covering whales for the local station KATU.

Instead, officials decided to obliterate the whale with half a ton of dynamite. It was hoped that the small pieces left behind would be dissipated by seagulls and other scavengers, according to Limman. He said it was unclear whether he had used enough explosives, but it turned out he may have used too much. Linman was among them. Still, the reporter had to turn off the news cameras during “a run for survival because huge chunks of whale blubber fell everywhere.”

Cars parked more than a quarter mile away suffered the most damage. A particularly large blob of fat “literally destroyed” the cabin. Luckily no one was hurt, but everyone around the explosion was “covered in tiny particles of dead whales,” Limman said. He added that the seagulls who were supposed to clean up the rest also fled in fear, but the debris left was so small that it wasn’t worth bothering with anyway.

“That blast blew fat far beyond the reach of the unbelievable,” said the newspaperman. Fifty years later, Florentine residents voted to name a new recreation ground.Explosive Whale Memorial Park,” to commemorate that fateful day.

While it’s hard to imagine a scenario in which military EOD technicians would have to blow up a dead whale, elk, or horse, the EOD community expects the unexpected, according to the 1995 Forest Service. It’s one of the reasons the guide was circulated that way among the EOD community. For a long time, Army engineers explained.

“It also helps to be a little humorous in a morbid, out-of-context way,” they said.

There are multiple ways to feed cats, and multiple ways to blow up dead horses. However, whichever method you choose, remember to remove the horseshoes first.

“Horseshoes should be removed to minimize dangerous flying debris,” warns the guide.



https://www.popsci.com/environment/forest-service-exploding-horses/ The Forest Service Has a Guide to Detonating Dead Horses

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