Now may be one opportunity for safer IoT cyber security

As the world resumes business, 2021 is seen as the year of cybersecurity catch-up for the Internet of Things (IoT), one of the many technology themes affected by the pandemic and ongoing chip shortage. .. The IoT is in a bright year, but the problems that plagued the region in the 2010s continue to be.

In 2020, you may have seen many of us online for work and play, but ironically, the IoT wasn’t a “thing” last year. Report It was published on this theme last month. Global Data Analyst – Who Free webinar On the topic of May 27, this year, we report that Covid-19 has suspended the deployment of IoT, slowing the growth of the entire IoT market. In the consumer IoT domain, the connected car market fell 10% and the automated home segment grew only 1% in 2020.

The IoT market as a whole covers everything from smart cities to wearables and industrial machinery. All this is made possible by the connected sensors and actuators of the IoT. These sensors and actuators control and monitor the environment and what moves within it, demonstrating people’s response to both.

The IoT may be a type of technology that is even more prevalent than today’s computers and mobile devices, but it is not currently prevalent. But it has evolved from the era of modified “dirty IoT” and machine-to-machine (M2M) implementations for industrial control and remote management to the current era of “glossy IoT.” did.

Analysts like Michael Orme of GlobalData said, “From light bulbs to cars, and from biomedical wearables to smart buildings, hundreds of billions of smart connected devices will be’all the Internet’since 2025. “

Therefore, the IoT becomes a solution and uses it to create new business models.

But before all this happens, the IoT will also need unified global cybersecurity standards. This is because as the number of connected devices increases, so does the large security gap that increases the likelihood of cyberattacks.

Kill switch

The multi-layered nature of the IoT creates huge attack surfaces, whether through devices, connections, data, apps, or services. However, there is no globally accepted standard that spans all five layers of the IoT value chain. This has not been overlooked. Regulatory initiatives such as the EU General Data Protection Regulation are slowly emerging. Meanwhile, more manufacturers are designing IoT devices with pre-built cyber applications while providing users with the software updates they need to patch security breaches. This is important because IoT cybersecurity begins with device design and the choices engineers make when developing IoT products.

However, this is not enough. The current IoT ecosystem does not have proper security regulations, and most devices have weak or no security controls. Also, as GlobalData (GD) analysts say, the law covering IoT cybersecurity “remains a fragmented patchwork of law that does not address concerns about IoT security as a whole.”

The main focus of IoT technology is endpoint security, which refers to the protection of connected devices. Intermediate gateways and routers, along with central servers that contain most of the most valuable data, also need to be effectively protected.

It is important to remember that attacks on industrial equipment and critical national infrastructure, as these days, can pose a significant threat. Colonial Pipeline hack.Perhaps the threat is best represented in GD report..

“If a cyber attack hits your PC, it’s annoying,” the author says. “But if a connected car is hit by a cyberattack, it can kill you.”

The role of 5G in IoT cyber security

“When it comes to issues with universal security standards, few technologies have seen a truly global standard beyond mobile telecom and others,” said GD analyst David George. verdict.. “In June 2020, ETSI released a standard for consumer IoT devices that could be described as a” security baseline “and provide the basis for future IoT authentication. Instead of thinking later, the focus is on incorporating security into the device design. ”

George states that the ETSI standard is being adopted, but in his eyes it is not yet ready to be called a global standard. The same is true for similar initiatives such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Technical Specification Guide, which focuses on consumer IoT devices, and the US IoT Cybersecurity Improvement Act signed in December 2020.

Some help may be found in another technology theme, 5G, which was also influenced by the 2020 event. Its global rollout has been as affected as last year’s IoT rollout. 5G is low cost, low power, and wireless, so it has the potential to become a major enabler of the popular IoT. Not only that, its new global wireless standard could be the obvious path to a single interconnect standard. This is probably what the IoT communication protocol needs.

Large-scale IoT in the 2020s

However, in countries where the first 5G deployments were seen, public coverage remains low.Moreover Spotted signal For consumers, this means that there are no signs of an IoT revolution as widespread as 5G will soon become the single interconnect standard in the world. But GD analyst John Marcus believes the situation is brighter when we look away from 5G consumers.

“IoT with 5G is more appropriate in the industrial arena,” he says. verdict.. “To get a glimpse of the possibilities, it makes more sense to look at the development of private 5G networks than to look at the development of public 5G in the country.”

Marcus points to an example of a smart factory like Ford E: PriME British Essex facility.He also flags Mercedes-Benz Launched in 2019, the German plant was the world’s first 5G wireless network in an automobile plant.

Analysts also point out that the pandemic is “actually increasing in demand for enterprise and healthcare use cases for people tracking, remote devices, and site monitoring.”

Of course, such applications further increase the need for cybersecurity in the IoT.

Marcus also estimates that this will bring the world one step closer to the “large-scale IoT.” This includes the use of low-cost sensors and long-life batteries for smart meters, cities, buildings and homes, and the currently enabled localized types of 5G coverage. This type of application refers to low power wide area networking (LPWAN) technology commonly used to provide so-called narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) coverage. This is useful for things like smart utility meters that don’t need to send large amounts of data, but you need to connect to a large amount of infrastructure while running for a very long time on a single battery charge.

“For large areas, we need that coverage, but we also need to roam the entire LPWAN portion of the solution,” Marcus said. “Vodafone and AT & T have partnered to open access to their respective NB-IoT networks, making it easy for customers to create large-scale IoT deployments that work across the United States. Part of europe, And Deutsche Telekom has recently stepped up global roaming in this area as well. ”

Wafer problem

For better or for worse, the significant slowdown in IoT we are seeing today can be exacerbated by the ongoing global chip shortage. Automakers canceled their chip orders last year due to sluggish car demand due to a pandemic. Since then, much of this supply has been directed to the booming consumer electronics market.

When demand for cars regained at the end of 2020, there wasn’t enough chips to go around and the car industry remained behind wafer cues.The problem was exacerbated by Factory fire This year, bad weather affected production and sent a shock wave through the global supply chain. Chips are an important component of many smart devices, and IoT is also affected by the addition of silicon to many devices that did not previously require chips, such as light bulbs.

“The shortfall may not be resolved until 2023 and will disrupt IoT-related businesses depending on the status profile with the TSMC-led chip foundry,” Orme said. verdict.. “While cars are the mainstream, smart cards have been hit hard as well, and even Apple and Samsung are suffering from high-end smartphones.”

“In the meantime, we’ve already seen manufacturers remove certain features such as touch screens and advanced infotainment as car production recovers,” George adds. “This affects what is commonly classified as a connected car.”

In Orme’s view, what happens next with an IoT theme depends on building global manufacturing capacity and reach.

“TSMC, Samsung, Intel, GlobalFoundries, Infineon, SMIC and others are working on major projects scheduled to begin by 2024/2025,” he explains. “How much is it for midrange and low-end semiconductors, where most of the IoT-related demand exists? Probably not enough.”

Despite the delays, Orme believes that once health is restored and 5G coverage begins to spread, there will not be enough time to implement global IoT cybersecurity standards. But Global Data analyst David Bicknell believes the countdown isn’t over yet.

“I think we still have some time to reset. I think the steamroller is still in low gear. The business isn’t speeding up yet – there’s still a lot of uncertainty about Covid.

“Smart cities are now” uncertain cities “and are trying to predict what the future holds. The number and severity of cyberattacks has not diminished. It may be a wise move to tap the brakes now. ”

Join the renowned B2B technology influencer Evan Kirstel and Global Data Analyst Dive deeper into why IoT By 2024, it will be a trillion-dollar industry, and there are countless challenges facing space.Registration Here A free webinar to be held on May 27, 2021 at 4 pm (BST). Find GlobalData Internet of Things-Thematic Research Please report here. Now may be one opportunity for safer IoT cyber security

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