Technology

Late Great Engineer: Amy Johnson-Pioneer Pilot

One of the 20 most exciting womenth In the century, aviator Amy Johnson was the first female pilot to fly alone from the United Kingdom to Australia and the first female pilot to obtain a “C” license for ground engineers. Her mysterious disappearance guarantees that she will never be forgotten.Nick Smith Screenplay Work

The birthplace of air traffic control and the “Mayday” signal, Croydon Airport was Britain’s only international airfield during the interwar period and the starting point for becoming one of the 20 most famous flights.th century.

British pioneer aviator Amy Johnson (1903-1941) was the first woman to fly alone from London to Australia.Image: Alamy Stock Photo

5 daysth In May 1930, 26-year-old Amy Johnson embarked on a record solo flight to Australia.Her plane was called a used gypsy moth Jason That she bought for £ 600 (or about £ 40,000 with today’s money). With a top speed of 105 mph (about 170 kph), a 100 horsepower engine, and a foldable wing structure, Jason There was almost no state-of-the-art technology. But Johnson said, “The engine was great.” This was an English phrase to describe something that had a hidden nature and was still (in other words) much loved by used car salesmen. She claimed that if she were a man, she would have explored the polar ice caps and climbed Everest.

She also found international fame and turned her career as a fashion model, journalist and entrepreneur. With the outbreak of World War II, she returned to aviation to serve her country in the Air Transport Auxiliary Force. It was this ability, still controversial, that strengthened her mystery and her Guarantee immortality.

Amy Johnson was born in 1903 to the rugged merchant Yorkshire family. Her mother was Mayor Hull’s granddaughter, and her father was a successful fish merchant. Such everyday origins have led her to the typical path of middle-class women of the time. After starting her education at Boulevard Municipal Secondary School, she went to the University of Sheffield, where she read economics.

To distance her from a failed romance, Johnson moved to London and began a new life that was initially less exciting and less attractive than working in a law firm’s typing pool. So far, her career and upbringing have shown no sign of a breakthrough career. According to Johnson’s biographer Midge Gillies Amy Johnson: Queen of the Air, “One Sunday afternoon, when I took her on the bus at the loose end and headed for the Staglane Aerodrome in northern London, that all changed. She turned into a primitive biplane that she saw taking off and landing immediately. I was fascinated. Soon she started spending all her time at the airfield. “

It was a bus ride that was both a life-changing Johnson and ultimately a role model for women. It was her determination to succeed in the world of flight and aviation that allowed Johnson to overcome social class barriers. Female pilots tended to come from gentlemen: Lady Heath, Duchess of Bedford, Lady Bailey-Certificate (No.8662) to acquire her aviator and her pilot’s “A” license (No. 1979), both at the London Airplane Club under the guidance of Captain Valentine Baker.

Amy Johnson and Jason, a gypsy moth plane she flew to Australia.Image: Alamy Stock Photo

According to the article Airplane monthly, That same year, Johnson also became the first British woman to obtain a “C” license for ground engineers. A connection with the airplane manufacturing industry, where her friend Fred Slingsby owned the Slingsby Aviation that made the glider, allowed her to join the Yorkshire Gliding Club. With the help of others such as Sir Wakefield, and with the financial support of her father, she was now able to purchase the legendary de Havilland DH.60 Gypsy Moss G-AAAH. .. Jason After one of her father’s trademarks.

Johnson had nothing unless he was ambitious. Before she flew to Australia, the farthest she had ever flown was from London to Hull. To say that her route plan is rudimentary would be like a conservative expression, as she simply placed a ruler on the entire world map and followed a direct line. This lack of pretense is consistent with the technology she has available. She couldn’t communicate like a modern pilot because she didn’t have a wireless terrestrial link, but she couldn’t predict or avoid the Rangoon monsoon because she didn’t have reliable weather data. Cartography was basic, to say the least, and sometimes did not exist. Gillies required one of the disadvantages of Johnson’s approach to fly her route over unknown lands and the world’s most inhabitable terrain while sitting in an eight-hour open cockpit. Say it was. There was no room for improvisation. “It was imperative that she maintain her route, as fuel was waiting for her at each stop.”

Despite the apparent seriousness of Johnson’s proposed efforts Daily mail As expected, we focused on the pilot’s gender, creating (completely wrong) a trumpet heading that Aviatrix departed with a “cupboard full of flocs.” But in time Johnson’s size was more balanced from the tuned media by the time Johnson arrived in India in a record six days, and now until he became the “British girl Lindbergh.” It was beginning to attract attention. , “Wonderful Miss Johnson”, “Lone Girl Flyer”.

It’s a shame to lose the romantic side of flight and accept it as a common means of transportation

Amy Johnson (1903 – 1941)

When she arrived in Australia on the 24thth May she be greeted by a famous and noisy crowd and treated like a superstar. The woman permed her hair with “Amy Johnson’s Wave” and the songwriter collapsed to take advantage of this phenomenon, perhaps best known for “Amy, Wonderful Amy” sung by Jack Hylton. The British Monarch George V awarded CBE Johnson for his flight to the other side of the world in his 1930 Birthday Honors.

For the next decade, Johnson’s life was a whirlwind of aviation achievements. Jason Was replaced by Jason II (De Havilland DH.80 Puss Moth G-AAZV) She and her co-pilot Jack Humphreys made their first flight from London to Moscow in a day, then to Tokyo and then from England to Japan. In 1932 she married Scottish pilot Jim Morrison, who made his aerial proposal just eight hours after meeting Johnson. In 1932, she set a solo record for a flight from London to Cape Town, South Africa, breaking the record for her new husband.

The following year, the couple crossed the Atlantic Ocean, flew from Wales to New York, and crashed land due to lack of fuel. With another world record under her belt, Johnson became the darling of the American elite, was given the ticker tape parade at Big Apple, and was entertained by President Theodore Roosevelt. Another flight to South Africa set another record. She was awarded the Royal Aero Club and RAC Segave Trophy gold medals. Tired of direct flights, Johnson turned to business, fashion and journalism. She has been successful and created her own travel bag, modeled after Elsa Scaparelli, the world’s most famous wartime fashion designer.

Johnson bumped into Earth when Britain entered World War II. She joined the Air Transport Auxiliary Force, a private organization that supports the RAF by transporting new repaired and damaged military aircraft between factories, airfields, delivery points, and repair units.

5 daysth In January 1941, she left Blackpool at Airspeed Oxford, which was scheduled for delivery at RAF Kidlington near Oxford. In bad weather, running out of fuel off course, Johnson escaped the mouth of the Thames near Hahn Bay and was found in a parachute-descent wartime fleet. Major with poor visibility.Walter Fletcher, captain of HMS Haslumia He piloted his ship to rescue the pilot. The crew wasted the rope, but Fletcher himself jumped into the water to save her. In the turmoil, witnesses believed they saw a second corpse in the water. Neither recovered while Fletcher, who may have proved to be a valuable witness, died of immediate exposure. The recent theory that Johnson was shot down by Friendly Fire has now lost credibility, but the exact details of her premature death at the age of 37 are probably never known.

https://www.theengineer.co.uk/late-great-engineers-amy-johnson/ Late Great Engineer: Amy Johnson-Pioneer Pilot

Back to top button