Science

Important emotions, cooperation and movement from an early age

Credit: PIXTA / CC0 public domain

What are the basic skills that young children need to develop at the beginning of school for future academic success? Numerous studies have shown strong associations between cognitive skills (attention, memory, etc.) and academic skills on the one hand, and emotional skills on the other, but in elementary to college students, these associations have been shown. Few studies have been investigated. Children 3-6 years in the context of school. Researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and the Valais University of Teacher Education (HEP-VS) in Switzerland have worked with teachers in Savoie in France and their educational advisors to link emotional knowledge, cooperation, athletic activity and numerical skills. Was investigated. With 706 students aged 3 to 6 years.Results should be read in the journal Science reportFor the first time, we show that emotional knowledge, collaborative social behavior and locomotor activity are interrelated and associated with numerical skills. These results are consistent with political and scientific consensus on the importance of social and emotional skills in early childhood education, suggesting the need to add voluntary movements to these basic skills. ..


More and more studies are examining the basic abilities of children to attend school, which is especially important for their future academic success. “Among these abilities,’knowledge of emotions’ is a major contributor and a long-term predictor of social behavior and academic success,” said Edouard Gentaz of the Department of Psychology at UNIGE’s Faculty of Psychology and Education Science (FPSE). The professor says. And the last author of this study. On the other hand, few studies have investigated the relationship between social and emotional skills and academic skills in preschool children. “To fill this gap, we work with HEP-VS, a team of teachers in Savoie, France and their educational advisors to bring emotional knowledge, social behavior and athletic activity to the numerical skills of 706 students. We looked at how they relate, between the ages of three and six, “continues the Geneva-based researcher. Unlike most studies that generally examine school results through reading tests, this study focuses on numerical learning, whose performance correlates less with parental socio-economic levels than with language skills.

Unique test tailored to preschool age and educational situation

To investigate the association between the four variables investigated, we worked closely with 33 volunteer teachers to develop an age-appropriate test. Volunteer teachers attended interactive workshops trained to set, run, and evaluate various tests in a standardized way. Therefore, emotional knowledge was assessed through two emotional comprehension tasks. The first measures the perception of the main emotions and neutral facial expressions of anger, fear, joy and sadness, and the second measures the understanding of the external causes underlying these emotions of others. Did. This second task has been split into two different subtasks. The teacher presented the students with five drawing scenarios in a row, illustrated by a picture of a character with a blank face facing a particular situation (for example, “This boy has just received a birthday present.” ”) Next, among the five facial expression illustrations, indicate the one that corresponds to what the character felt in each situation by first pointing to it (nonverbal response) and then naming it. I asked the students. The math evaluation skills included three numerical tests. For example, the first test evaluated whether students understood that changing the spatial arrangement and nature of the elements of a collection did not change the cardinal of the collection. The teacher put a picture in front of the students and showed it. I asked the students to show four collections of objects (two of which consisted of the same number of elements) and which collection contained the large t. The number of objects contained was the highest. Less, the two collections contained the same number.

Psychologists have worked closely with teachers and their advisors to develop an observation grid for assessing students’ voluntary movements and social behavior. For locomotor activity, the grid created allowed the child to evaluate his or her performance on an agility course consisting of a variety of equipment on the ground and in the air. In terms of social behavior, the developed grid allows the teacher to assess the reaction and attitude of the child during practice of two different team games (one with the ball and one without the ball) observed by the teacher. I did.

Important skills to promote numerical learning

The results of this study show that emotional knowledge, motor activity, and social behavior are interdependent and related to the numerical skills of students aged 3 to 6 years. “Certainly, certain statistical analyzes (regression and mediation) show that high scores on tests that assess emotional knowledge, motor activity, and social behavior predict better mathematical performance for these students. “Masu,” said Thalia Cavadini, a researcher and lead author in FAPSE’s Faculty of Psychology. Of research. “Therefore, our results are consistent with the scientific consensus on the importance of social and emotional skills at the beginning of school education, suggesting the need to add locomotor activity to these basic skills. “I do,” she concludes. In addition, this study is the first to show that emotional, social and locomotor skills promote early childhood school learning.


Use play to make children’s emotions “school”


For more information:
Thalia Cavadini et al, Emotional Knowledge, Social Behavior and Spontaneous Movement Predict Mathematical Performance in 706 Preschool Children. Science report (2021). DOI: 10.1038 / s41598-021-93706-7

Quote: Important emotions, cooperation and movement from an early age (July 15, 2021) https: //phys.org/news/2021-07-emotion-cooperation-locomotion-crucial-early.html to 2021 7 Obtained on the 15th of March.

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https://phys.org/news/2021-07-emotion-cooperation-locomotion-crucial-early.html Important emotions, cooperation and movement from an early age

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