IBM sets another miniaturization record with a 2nm chip blueprint

Now that IBM has unveiled a blueprint for the design and process of 2nm chips, what’s next? Virtual chip? Two nanometers are narrower than human DNA molecules. How small can the development of these things be?

Deep in science, IBM unveiled the world’s first 2nm processor nanosheets on May 6th. The specification is licensed by the chip manufacturer and will be functional. These fine and powerful IT engines are at the end of the calendar year or the beginning of next year.

This happens at an important milestone in the processor manufacturing industry. Currently, there is a high demand and low supply market for all kinds of chips, especially high performance units with built-in energy efficiency. Especially in the age of hybrid cloud, AI and the Internet of Things, more new products are being designed and built than any other era in the history of IT, and demand continues to grow. If these work as expected, the market welcomes you with open arms.

According to IBM, this new chip is designed to deliver 45% higher performance and 75% lower energy usage than today’s state-of-the-art 7nm node chips. These are pretty good performance numbers.

Increasing the number of transistors per chip makes the transistors faster and more efficient because they are relatively close to each other on the die.

What you can do with a new tip

The commercial advantages of these advanced 2nm chips theoretically include:

  • Quadruple mobile phone battery life, The user only has to charge the device every 4 days.
  • Reduce carbon dioxide emissions in data centers It accounts for more than 1% of the world’s energy consumption. Changing all servers to 2nm-based processors can significantly reduce that number.
  • Significantly speeds up laptop functionality It ranges from faster processing in applications, easier language translation assistance, and faster Internet access.
  • Contributes to faster object detection Reaction time of self-driving cars such as self-driving cars.

50 billion transistors on a claw-sized chip

2nm design demonstrates advanced scaling of semiconductors using IBM Nanosheet technology, The company said. This architecture is the first in the industry. Developed within four years of IBM’s announcement of its milestone 5nm design, this latest breakthrough product allows the 2nm chip to add up to 50 billion transistors to a fingernail-sized chip. It will be possible to install it.

More transistors on the chip means processor designers can inject core-level innovations to improve the capabilities of cutting-edge workloads such as AI and cloud computing, as well as hardware-enhanced security. It also means that a new path of encryption is available.

IBM has already implemented other innovative core-level extensions on the latest generation of IBM hardware, such as IBM POWER10 and IBM z15.

IBM’s history of semiconductor design

IBM has made great strides in semiconductors. These include 7nm and 5nm process technology, single-cell DRAM, Dennard scaling, chemically amplified fiber, copper wiring, silicon-on-insulator technology, multi-core microprocessors, high-k gate dielectrics, embedded DRAM, and the first implementation of 3D. It is included. Chip stacking.

Of course, not all chip designs succeed as planned. For example, three years after the joint product announcement in 2015, Intel and Micron give up co-produced 3D stacking experiment In the 3D Xpoint processor project, the two companies have invested about 10 years of development and millions of dollars.

IBM is the first commercialized product, including advances in IBM Research 7nm Debuted at IBM POWER10 later this yearBased IBM Power Systems. IBM sets another miniaturization record with a 2nm chip blueprint

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