data analyst career path [2022 Guide]

main role of data analyst Collecting, cleaning, and analyzing data that a company can use to solve business problems. This article explores the various aspects of being a successful data analyst.

table of contents:

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What do data analysts do?

As explained above, data analysts collect data and interpret information that helps shape business ideas and decisions. Data analysts need a solid foundation of business knowledge and professional competencies, including the ability to communicate, problem-solve, time manage, and pay attention to detail.

Below is a list of the various daily tasks they perform.

  • Gathering information: Analysts frequently collect their own data. This includes conducting surveys, observing website visitor demographics, or purchasing datasets from data collection professionals.
  • Cleaning data: After collecting the raw data, analysts should clean it up. As the word cleaning suggests, it makes data more usable, improves data quality, and ultimately better presents in spreadsheets and programming languages. Cleaning is a very important task as raw data can contain errors and duplicates.
  • Modeling data: Data modeling or data structuring is the process of developing a visual representation of an entire information system or specific components of it. The purpose is to provide examples of the different types of data used and stored within the system, their relationships, possible groupings, and organizational structures, formats, and properties.
  • Data interpretation: Reviewing data and drawing conclusions from it using various analytical methods is known as data interpretation. It helps researchers categorize, modify, and summarize data to provide answers to a variety of important questions.
  • Presentation data: A big aspect of your job is to publish the results of your research. This is accomplished by combining visual elements such as graphs and charts to create written reports and provide information to the organization.

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Career Options as a Data Professional

There are a variety of career options available when pursuing a career in data. Here are some of the most popular positions you can apply for to start your journey into this fascinating data space.

data analyst

Data analysts are responsible for collecting, filtering, and interpreting various data sets to find solutions to problems faced by organizations that may be related to marketing, product-related, or overall sales.

data scientist

The task of collecting, exploring, and interpreting vast amounts of data becomes the responsibility of data scientists.Position of data scientist It incorporates many traditional technical roles such as scientist, statistician, computer expert, and mathematician.

Data scientists typically mine together in teams big data Seeking insights you can use to predict customer behavior and find new revenue streams. In many companies, data scientists are also responsible for establishing standards for data collection, data analysis, and data interpretation.

business analyst

ABA or business analyst Someone who works with an organization to study systems, services, and products to enhance current operations and come up with beneficial solutions. Business analysts evaluate how business plans integrate with technology that assists organizations in documenting business processes.

These professionals act as links between multiple departments within an organization at various stages of growth. They may serve as a bridge between business stakeholder objectives and cutting-edge, sophisticated technology.

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risk analyst

A risk analyst is an expert in charge of an organization’s overall risk management strategy. Collect and evaluate risk data and share the conclusions with managers. Managers use the reports to come up with effective solutions to problems. We also develop strategies to mitigate and manage unwanted economic impacts.

A risk analyst’s primary responsibilities include interpreting and manipulating risk-related data, finding organizational loopholes that may lead to financial risk, and rigorously monitoring compliance requirements.

research analyst

Research analysts’ duties are to collect, analyze, interpret, and present data related to markets, operations, finances, customers, and other topics relevant to the industry in which they work.

Sometimes called Data Crunchers.

Some responsibilities that apply to this job are:

  • We understand the requirements and work in the same way to benefit the company/client.
  • We extract and analyze past data and make improvement proposals based on the survey.
  • Predict the performance of company stocks and commodities
  • Organizing and storing data for future use


After working for a company for a long time, you can choose to become a freelance contractor or become a data analytics consultant for the company. As a freelancer, I provide analytics to various clients.

Working as a consultant usually gives you more flexibility and variety in the types of analysis you perform.

Go through these and prepare for the industry Data analyst interview questions now!

How to become a data analyst?

The qualifications you need to start your data analyst career

  • B.Tech degree or Bachelor’s degree in IT
  • Gain expertise in key data analysis skills
  • Earn a master’s degree or certification

The Skills Needed to Be a Good Data Analyst

  • Analytical Capabilities: My job as a data analyst involves working with huge amounts of data, including large numbers and numerical analyses. You need this skill to analyze and solve data-related problems.
  • Data visualization: While working on data analysis, it is important to keep in mind that many people presenting the report may have difficulty understanding it. You are expected to use techniques such as using graphs, charts, and interactive dashboards so that everyone can understand your analysis.
  • Good math skills: Working with numerical data requires data analysts to have highly sophisticated mathematical skills, especially statistical skills.
  • Technical skills: Data analysts should be proficient in several data analysis tools such as R, Python, SAS, Hadoop, XML, SQL, and Tableau.
  • Attention to detail: While performing analysis and drawing conclusions, data analysts must take care that data is consistently accurate.


Data analysts are well paid, even for the first few years. They enjoy some handsome salaries as they gain more experience. Below is a summary of the average base salary for various data analyst roles.

  • Junior Analyst: $61,380
  • Senior Data Analyst: $97,814
  • Data Scientist: $123,257
  • Business Analyst: $82,729
  • Financial Analyst: $83,005
  • Data Analyst Consultant: $91,000


A data analyst is a great job option if you’re looking for something secure in the future. As businesses demand more data, they need people to collect, analyze, and interpret it. Responsible for helping companies understand data and make effective choices. With the necessary training and experience, you can have a long and successful career in this industry.

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