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China plans to build the first “clean” commercial reactor

Are you interested in the possibilities of use? Reactor to control emissions, But worried about their use of water, Long-term safety?? There may be an imminent solution. Live Science Report China has outlined plans to build the first “clean” commercial reactor using liquid thorium and molten salt.

The first prototype reactor will be ready in August and the first test is scheduled for September. A full-scale commercial reactor should be ready by 2030.

Not only is this technology environmentally friendly, it also needs to ease political controversy. Traditional uranium reactors produce waste that remains highly radioactive for up to 10,000 years, requiring lead containers and extensive security. Waste also contains plutonium-239, an essential isotope for nuclear weapons. They also run the risk of spilling dramatic levels of radiation in case of leakage, as seen in. Chernobyl.. It also requires large amounts of water and eliminates its use in dry climates.

However, thorium reactors dissolve that important element in fluoride salts. Fluoride salts produce most of the uranium-233 that can be recycled by other reactions. The other half-life of the reaction is “only” 500 years, which is still not brilliant, but much safer. If there is a leak, the molten salt will be sufficiently cooled to effectively seal the thorium and prevent serious leaks. This technology does not require water and cannot be easily used in the manufacture of nuclear weapons. You can build a nuclear reactor in the desert, far from most cities, and you don’t have to worry about increasing your stockpile of nuclear weapons.

Therefore, China is building its first commercial nuclear reactor in Wuwei, a desert city in Gansu. Authorities also see this as a way to promote China’s international expansion. It plans up to 30 countries participating in the company’s Belt and Road Initiative. In theory, China could expand its political influence without contributing to the proliferation of nuclear weapons.

It may be worried about the United States and other political rivals lagging behind thorium reactors. For example, a US-based sodium reactor is still under development. Still, it could be of great help in combating climate change and achieving China’s goal of becoming carbon-neutral by 2060. Greatly dependent on coal energy, And there is no guarantee that renewable resources will catch up with demand on their own.Thorium reactors can help China, in particular, leave coal relatively quickly Small reactor It builds in a shorter period of time and can fill the gap where larger plants are overloaded.

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