On Friday, the Biden administration made a drastic announcement Executive order It touches on industries such as the transportation sector, healthcare, agriculture and technology. This order addresses issues as different as prescription drug costs, hearing aids, and Internet service providers, but it has two distinct themes. The first is to focus on intensifying competition between businesses by addressing integration trends, and the second is to focus on improving consumer choice and lowering prices. ..
Overall, this order contains over 70 points, from the Ministry of Transport and Federal Trade Commission.. Here’s what you need to know about what an order means for some major sectors, such as airlines and the Internet, and how it will affect you in the future.
Executive order covers many areas
Tejas Narechania, co-director of the Berkeley Legal Technology Center at the University of California, Berkeley, is notable for the fact that the order contains so many different directives and requirements in so many different disciplines. It states that it is a point.
“I think it speaks to the degree of integration in our economy and the White House’s willingness to work on integration as an inter-sectoral issue,” he points out. Consolidation is the merger of two companies, which suddenly reduces the number of large players in sectors such as the aviation industry. Customers have fewer choices and prices can rise.
“Integration has failed in all these industries,” he adds.
Address the issues faced by air travelers
In the transportation sector, in addition to addressing rail and shipping concerns, the order addresses two airline-related issues. Broadly speaking, only four airlines control most of the domestic travel. And it also sees the charges that passengers have to deal with.
The order “considers issuing a clear rule requiring a refund of charges if baggage is delayed or the service is not actually provided” and “baggage, modification and cancellation”. “Instruct” to “consider issuing rules that require fees.” Clearly disclose to customers. When it comes to services, ordering refers to issues such as in-flight Wi-Fi not working.
It raises concerns about the internet and net neutrality
Of course, Internet Service Providers (ISPs) bring the Internet to people’s homes. This executive order affects competition, fairness, and consumer choice in the market.
Like airlines, the order points to “lack of competition” with ISPs, pointing to the lower the consumer’s choice, the higher the price.
Narechania is studying the problem concretely and says it is a real problem.his the study For example, in a small town, you might see a scenario like this: “At the end of one street, someone has two or three service providers, and on the other side of the street there is only one service provider,” he says. And that affects the price. “The same provider on the same street in 900 towns is more likely to charge consumers who offer exclusive services than to charge consumers on the other side of the competitive street.”
[Related: Why the new FTC chair is causing such a stir]
In a presidential order on July 9, the Biden administration is addressing these issues by asking the FCC to stop “trading with landlords who limit ISP choices.” In addition, problems such as charges related to early cancellation occurred, and the FCC once again asked Broadband nutrition labeling..
Finally, this order “encourages the FCC” to revive the net neutrality rule. Net neutrality This is a big and quirky topic, but in summary it’s a way for ISPs to handle traffic. “Net neutrality rules prevent Internet service providers from prioritizing some content and services over others,” explains Narechania. “One example of this is when AT & T buys HBO. AT & T does all sorts of things to support HBO at the expense of its competitors.” With a new focus on net neutrality rules. , The Internet competition will ideally be more equal.
Addresses other issues related to technology and competition
One of the institutions involved in the executive order Federal Trade CommissionFocuses on consumer protection and merger reviews. This order “encourages” the FTC to address an issue called the right to repair. The Biden administration wants to enhance consumer choice when repairing gadgets in independent shops or working on their own.
It requires the Federal Trade Commission to “issue rules on anti-competitive restrictions on the use of independent repair shops or the implementation of DIY repairs on their devices and equipment.” Simply put, this could be a win for those who don’t want large tech companies to be the only route to repair gadgets.
Finally, in the technical field, this order also addresses the topic of corporate mergers and purchases. For example, consider Facebook scooping up Instagram.The order announces a management policy for stricter oversight of mergers[.]”
https://www.popsci.com/technology/biden-executive-order-fair-competition/ Biden’s Big New Executive Order: What You Need to Know