Electronics

Be aware of the appeal of training technology

The appeal of training technology often obscures its value. Virtual reality (VR) is a hot topic in the military training community today, but training tools need to be developed and selected according to their expected use. Context is important, and in some cases the best and most cost-effective training tool may be just a book.

While VR has many benefits, the department or Ministry of Defense aims to ensure that virtual training content derives from operational needs and is integrated and validated with existing processes and curriculums. Moreover, while the future of technology is unpredictable, we can be confident that what we need and what we need will change, so we can continually evaluate and improve this process.

The US military has always benefited greatly from new technological advances, and today is no exception. Rapid acquisitions and innovations are the Pentagon’s focus. This focus extends to training, and new technologies can offer many opportunities. However, in many cases, the link between various features to actual training goals can be dilute at best.

In the field of training, there is a great deal of focus on virtual reality and augmented reality. VR involves the user being completely immersed in the virtual environment, and AR involves overlaying the virtual entity on the actual item.For example, the Army Integrated vision enhancement system that is Allow soldiers to see what the fighting vehicle seesProject a 3D terrain map into the actual field of view and enable other features to enhance situational awareness.

In addition, most services Live, virtual and constructive, or LVC features This allows, for example, real jet (live) pilots to train with flight simulator (virtual) pilots in different locations. All of this interacts with the computer-based (constructive) representation of enemy jets.

In addition, the hype surrounding virtual features has recently been Metaverse, Persistent virtual environment. This also allows heterogeneous users to revisit virtual locations and own different virtual entities in that environment.In fact, recently, the Space Force We have filed a trademark application for “Spaceverse”.

These features include increased training iterations at a relatively low cost, opportunities to safely practice dangerous activities, or opportunities to connect multiple participants in distributed training events across services, domains, and relevant forces. Can provide significant value for you. Still, to stay cost-effective and enjoy the benefits of technology, you need to consider context. In the current hype surrounding VR, acquisition efforts may risk chasing the appeal of technology rather than its real value. Instead of letting end users pull technology based on real needs, the industry may tend to push technology. However, there are ways to mitigate this risk.

The first step in avoiding tracking new technologies just for the sake of the technology may be to clearly define what the new technology can offer. This may seem obvious, but definitions of terms such as LVC, Metaverse, and artificial intelligence are not necessarily widely accepted by the US government, nor are they widely accepted. In addition, it may be necessary to identify, characterize, and disseminate the practical features that new technologies can provide for different operations.

VR and its variants are hot topics in the training community, but the right training tools depend on the purpose of the underlying training. Therefore, the second step is to consider the missions and operations to be trained and to clearly analyze what new technology is needed for. Missions can be broken down into tasks and skills, which can be mapped to the most appropriate technology. For example, performing dynamic flight operations may require an expensive full-motion simulator or live flight, but basic pre-flight checks can be much less fidelity.

In addition to ensuring that virtual content derives from your needs, it can also be important to consider existing training processes and curriculum during technology development. Especially for new features, the development process may include considering where the new tools fit into the existing training process. For example, the technology needs for initial qualification training are different from the technology needs for advanced training and continuous training. Deploying new features within a training process (for example, a course or set of courses) and within an organization may deserve dedicated analysis.

Finally, validation can be important as new training technologies are introduced. How do you know that it actually works? Effectiveness and transfer of training (transfer of learned tasks or skills to hands-on operations) can be tested experimentally. This may require continuous data acquisition during training and operation.

The steps shown here should not be completed sporadically. It’s not just about taking snapshots of training conditions and technology. Rather, this process can be continuously evaluated and improved. Therefore, DoD not only focuses on acquiring technology that helps maintain a competitive advantage, but also a system of processes that tailor technology to user needs and adapt to changing technology, military operations, and needs. You can also focus on the transformation. Context can be important when planning the development and use of training technology.

Tim Marler is a senior research engineer and graduate professor at Rand, a think tank.

https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2022/05/18/beware-the-allure-of-training-technology/ Be aware of the appeal of training technology

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